UN resolution for Israel’s settlement in occupied Palestinian territory

The UN resolution demanded that “Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including east Jerusalem.” It said settlements have “no legal validity” and are “dangerously imperilling the viability of the two-state solution” to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the basis of years of negotiations. The resolution contained no sanctions but Israeli…

Civil society strength in Slovenia

Slovenia declared its independence from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991. Looking at the history of the Slovenian civil society, as asserted by Rakar et.al (2011), Slovenia has a long and extensive tradition of people’s interest associations and self-organisation. In the period of an undeveloped welfare state until the end…

Cross-Border Cooperation : Bulgaria and Greece under the Interreg programme.

One of the most known and effective initiative for enhancing cooperation among EU member states, promoted by the European Union, is the INTERREG programme, officially known as the European Territorial Cooperation programme (ETC) . Given that more than 37,5% of the EU population lives in border areas, along some 38 internal borders made up of…

Risk management: Ways to manage credit risk

Asymmetric information may be the reason for credit risk. Managing credit risk includes: Screening: screening out bad credit risks before loans are made. To screen out bad credit risks, financial intermediaries typically need to collect financial information about potential borrowers before the transaction.   Specialization: knowledge of particular credit markets and knowledge about particular borrowers….

History of Civil Society in Croatia

Croatia declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991. But unlike Slovenia, Croatia was the subject of a bloody civil war that lasted for four years before finally ending in December 1995 with the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement[1] (Gaetas, 1996). The combination of a war torn history, the autocratic regime of nationalist…

Economic and Monetary Union Cohesion Policy

One key re-distributive policy being pursued by the Economic and Monetary Union would be the Cohesion Policy. The cohesion policy finds its origins in the Treaty of Rome (1957) and the Treaty of Lisbon (2010), which is effectively known as the treaty of the European Union. The cohesion policy is renewed and reformed once every seven…

Arguments in support of EU accession for Western Balkans

EU accession happens to be a topic of high interest especially to countries of the western Balkans. This article attempts to gather and inculcate arguments by notable scholars. Balfour and Stratulat (2015) have presented 3 arguments in support of EU accession for the Western Balkans which circle around enlargement as a means of improvement and…

EU enlargement towards South Eastern Europe vs Black Sea Area

South Eastern Europe or otherwise known as the Balkans are seen in the European political arena as a region full of instability and transition, far away from a real proud face of the continent, and as a piece of land that is neither Europe nor is it outside Europe. As such, in recognition of the historical…

Balkans and the Enlargement of EU

The Balkans are seen in the European political arena as a region full of instability and transition, far away from a real proud face of the continent, but as ‘a piece of land that is neither Europe nor is it outside Europe’. This being said, amongst the member states of the European Union, enlargement is…